How to Become a Full Stack Developer? (A Step By Step Guide)

Do you know that the average full stack developer’s salary is $1,12,000 per year? Yes, and this figure is enough to attract many aspiring web developers to choose a software development career. This opportunity also opens doors for aspiring full stack web developers.

But here the core question is how to become a full stack developer?

We discussed this question with our full stack web developers and asked them the best way for beginners to start a career as a full stack developer. Here are the points we have discussed to kickstart your career.

  • Roles and responsibilities of a full stack developer
  • Steps, time frame, and skills required to become a full stack developer
  • FAQs on full stack web development

So, let us start by understanding the basics – who is a full stack developer first.

Who is a Full Stack Developer?

The full stack engineer or developer is a programmer, who is well versed with the front end (HTML, CSS, and JavaScript) and the back end (PHP and MySQL) technologies.

Earlier, coding skills were divided into two parts: web development skills and web designing skills. Now, the combination of these roles is referred to as full stack developers. The full stack developer is proficient enough in both front-end and back-end development.

Along with front-end and back-end development, full stack developers have an exceptional level of understanding in server, database, API (application programming interface), which allows them to work in an environment of full stack software.

As you have understood about the meaning of becoming a full stack web developer, in the next section, we will talk about the role and responsibilities of full stack developers.

What Does Full Stack Developer Do?

The goal of full stack developers is to design and build customizable websites and applications. However, let’s discuss the basic roles and responsibility of full stack developers in detail.

RolesResponsibilities
Front end developmentsStructuring about the front end website architecture
Back end developmentIn back end development, functionality, servers, and databases are created
OptimizationAssuring mobile phone cross-platform optimization.
Responsiveness in all platformsAssuring application responsiveness
DesigningWorking on-site design elements with graphic designers
Finalizing the projectTurning an idea into a reality by completing the entire project
ExpectationsAssembling technical and consumer needs
APIDesigning and developing APIs

Now let’s discuss the average full stack developer’s salary in the USA based on some prominent job portals.

Average Salary of Full Stack Developers

We have mentioned the average base pay of US-based full stack developers according to Glassdoor, PayScale, Indeed, and Linkedin. Let’s have a look at the data.

  1. Glassdoor

  2. how much does a full stack developer make

    Image Source: Glassdoor

    Average Base Pay: $98,703

    Reported Salaries: 3326

  3. LinkedIn

  4. full stack developer base salary

    Image Source: LinkedIn

    Average Base Pay: $93,000

    Reported Salaries: 90

  5. Indeed

  6. average salary of full stack developer make in us

    Image Source: Indeed

    Average Base Pay: 1,07,323

    Reported Salaries: 10,500

  7. PayScale

  8. average full stack software developer salary

    Image Source: PayScale

    Average Base Pay: $75,057

    Reported Salaries: 482

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We have discussed the 6-steps process to help you become a full stack web developer. Let us discuss each step in detail.

How to Become a Full Stack Web Developer in 6 Steps

Becoming a full stack web developer is not only about acquiring knowledge of different programming languages. But, it is also about how to structure design, implement tech stacks, and test projects, depending upon the business requirements. We have mentioned 6 steps to help you learn about full stack development.

  1. Learn the Basics of Programming

  2. You should be familiar with different web development skills. Here we have mentioned the languages which will help you to kickstart your programming lessons.

    Front End Web DevelopmentBack End Web Development
    • HTML
    • CSS
    • JavaScript
    • Python
    • PHP
    • Ruby on Rails (RoR)
  3. Get Trained with Learning Materials

  4. To acquire complete knowledge of programming languages, choose either of the following options.

    • Sign up for full stack web development courses
    • Participate in boot camps

    We have discussed each of the above options in detail to help you choose the right course.

    1. Sign Up for These Free Full Stack Development Courses

    2. If you are a beginner and planning to start the web development course, then here are some courses to start now.

    3. Participate in bootcamps

    4. Many developers participate in highly intensive, short-term boot camps. It is a great way to sharpen your coding skills which helps you to gain industry-ready skills, necessary connections, and a strong portfolio to get the job easily.

      According to CIO.com, we have mentioned 5 Bootcamp platforms to help you get started on competitive programming.

      BootcampsCourses OfferedFees (Approx)Average Trainee Ratings
      IronhackFull stack web development; UI/UX design and development$11,0004.86/5 (510 reviews)
      AppAcademyJavaScript, React.js, algorithms, advanced algorithms, CSS, SQL, UX, HTML, design principles, JQuery$17,0004.71/5 (505 reviews)
      General AssemblyCoding bootcamps, web design (UX/UI), data science, product management, digital marketing, full-stack web development, JavaScript, Ruby on Rails$14,9504.25/5 (540 reviews)
      Flatiron SchoolUX design, full-stack web development, front-end web development$85004.89/5 (188 reviews)
      ThinkfulEngineering immersion, data science immersion, HTML/CSS, JavaScript, NodeJS, Python$16,0004.75/5 (218 reviews)
  5. Start Web Development

  6. As you have acquired complete knowledge of the front-end and back-end languages, it is time to put it into action. You can start web development from scratch by developing the website and testing your skillset.

  7. Upload Your Work on GitHub

  8. GitHub is a great website to showcase your work to the public. Many companies look for candidates’ GitHub profiles while hiring. If your profile is available, you will have a higher chance of getting noticed, getting your career started as a full stack developer, even if you are not from a well-known college or university.

  9. Prepare a Resume

  10. If you want to land your dream job, you need to invest your hours to write a high-quality resume. Let us understand the benefits of designing attractive and writing engaging resumes.

    • Higher chances to getting selected
    • Helps to make a first good impression
    • Allow interviewer to know about your skills and expertise
    • Clearly show your skills and experience related to the job title
  11. Find Clients or Apply for a Job

  12. To start your professional career, first create a profile on Toptal, Upwork, or LinkedIn to find job requirements. Your profile should consist of accurate information about your skillset and the projects you have worked on.

    You can also apply for corporate jobs instead of becoming a freelance full stack developer. There are multiple platforms like Monster, Fullstackjob.com, Indeed, Linkedin where you can apply for a full stack developer job.

    A) How to Choose the Right Company?

    Selecting the right company is more important than your job title and responsibilities. The right company offers the best opportunities for your professional career. The below checklist will help you to choose the right company you can work with.

    Company SizeReasons
    1. Startup Company
    • Get to work with direct clients
    • Exposure of latest technologies like Machine Learning, AR/VR
    2. Reputed Company
    • Great culture
    • Career growth
    • Well pay
    3. Large Scale Company
    • Higher perks
    • Work with well-known clients
    • Structured management

    Let us understand the factors to help you to choose the right web development company to achieve work-life balance.

    Business Niche: Find the industry you are planning to work in. Then start searching for a company that is in a similar niche. Search about the company’s specialization and whether it fulfills your expectations or not.

    Career Progression: Career development will help you enhance your skills and help to learn more about the industry you’re working in. Also, enhancing the skills will also help you to switch to a higher leadership position, rewarding you financially as well.

    Personal Growth: It has been stated that personal growth helps employees to focus more and allows them to develop mentally, spiritually, and intellectually. Through development opportunities, employee’s overall productivity increases and helps them to take accountability for their actions.

    Leadership Opportunities: Prefer a company that allows you to showcase your skill and give you a chance to mentor a team to sharpen your experience in project management as a leader. Leadership opportunities will help you to strengthen your personality, communication, and negotiation skills.

    Employee Benefits: The direct correlation of job satisfaction is connected with employee benefits. According to the MetLife employee benefits trends study, 59% of employees stated that their employers provide benefits and improve their livelihood.

    Now let’s see the top 10 questions that you can prepare to apply for the job role of full stack developers.

    B) Prepare for the Interview

    With the help of our senior technical expert, we have created the list of top 10 interview questions that will help you to ace full stack developer jobs interviews.

    We don’t recommend having a rigid response to every question. Since one question might have many possible answers, we suggest investing some time in understanding these questions and their responses.

interview questions

Download 10 Interview Questions to Become Full Stack Developer

Skills Required for a Full Stack Developer

After doing years of hard work and working with multiple languages makes you a full stack developer. From small startups to large enterprises, full stack developers are valued. But, that only happens when you have acquired a certain technical skillset. These are the skills of becoming a full stack developer. Let us discuss them in detail.

  1. Having Knowledge of Programming Languages

  2. SkillsLanguageTypeActive DevelopersFamous Web AppDownload
    Front End DevelopmentHTMLMarkup Language1.3 millionNetflixHTML
    CSSStyle Sheet LanguageGmailCSS
    JavaScriptObject Oriented Language12.4 millionLinkedinJavaScript
    Back End DevelopmentPHPScripting Language5 millionWordPressPHP
    PythonScripting Languagee7 millionInstagramPython
    RubyScripting Language1.5 millionGitHubRuby
    JavaObject Oriented Language8.2 millionTwitterJava

    HTML/CSS: HTML is primarily used for web content whereas CSS is used to style and design your website. Both of them are essential to design websites, without applying HTML or CSS, the web page will only show a plain text.

    JavaScript: Javascript is a widely used language for writing front-end and back-end code for servers. Javascript runs natively in the browser and on the server-side, hence, it helps to create dynamic and interactive user experience.

    PHP: It is an open-source, cross-platform compatible language that is supported in Windows, macOS, Unix. With PHP, you can build dynamic web pages.

    Examples of websites developed with PHP:

    • Facebook
    • Yahoo
    • Wikipedia

    Python: Python is a high-level general-purpose programming language. It is used for web development, AI, video games, mobile app development.

    Examples of websites developed with Python:

    • Instagram
    • Spotify
    • Netflix

    Ruby and Rails: Ruby and Rails is a popular framework and Rails is well known for its faster development and flexibility.

    • Twitter
    • Shopify
    • Basecamp

    Java: Java is a multiple-purpose programming language, used for desktop, web, and mobile app development.

    • Linkedin
    • Ebay
    • Tagged
  3. Hands-on Experience of Working with Git/Github Profile

  4. Changes in applications, codes, websites, documents, and other information associated with software can be managed with Git. If you are working in a team, it is compulsory to have a GitHub profile.

  5. Strong Understanding of Web Architecture

  6. Understanding web architecture includes structuring the code and data in the database, categorizing the file as well as operating the computational tasks.

  7. HTTP and REST

  8. HTTP helps to communicate with the clients, whereas REST uses HTTP to perform various operations like reading, updating, creating, deleting, and gathering data depending upon the resources. The REST protocol acts as a translator between the front end and the back end.

  9. Database Management Skills

  10. All the full stack developers should know about mentioned database storage and management.

    • Characteristics of relational and non-relational data
    • In-depth knowledge of NoSQL database
    • Knowledge of web storage
  11. Design Skills

  12. The skill of a full stack developer consists of designing the front-end side of the application as well. Hence, the full stack developer should have basic knowledge of UI/UX, prototype, and scalability to design attractive front designs.

  13. Soft Skills

  14. Acquiring technical skills isn’t enough, you should also have a strong understanding of the following soft skills to get success as a full stack developer.

    • Strong analytical skills
    • Time management skills
    • Curiosity of learning
    • Attention to detail
    • Creativity

As you have understood what skills full developers have, it is time to discuss how long it will take for you to become an expert in full stack development.

How Long Does it Take to Become Full Stack Developer?

Malcolm Gladwell, a well-known journalist, and the author has mentioned in one of his books outliers that the practice of 10,000 hours is enough to master any skill. But does it apply to being a full stack developer too?

You will get a grasp of the different technicalities. However, mastering all the languages and technologies takes more than 10,000 hours of practice.

After talking to our expert full stack developers, we have come to know that every person has a different ability to comprehend certain information. For some, it may take around 2 years to grasp most of the concepts, and it may take a little longer for another person to achieve the same result.

The below table will help you to understand the skills, experience, resources, and timeline to become one of the best full stack web developers in the industry.

LogoSkillsExperienceResourcesTimeline
front end development iconFront end development
  • Understanding of HTML, CSS, and Javascript
  • Learn jQuery after that
  • Learning about React, Vue.js, Angular.js is an added advantage
2 years
back end development iconBack end development
  • After JavaScript, learn Nodejs
  • Learn Python, Ruby, PHP, C#
2 years
API iconAPI
  • Deep knowledge about developing APIs
1 years
server handling iconServer Handling
  • Understanding of different types of servers like Google Cloud and AWS
1 years
database iconDatabase
  • Choose the database based on the tech stack
  • MySQL and MongoDB
1 years

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FAQs About How to Become a Full Stack Developer

What is full stack web development?

The full stack refers to the various software components working together to ensure the application is working seamlessly. It includes coding frameworks, products, operating systems, servers, database, and different web development tools. Full stack web development is the combination of both front-end and back-end web development.

Are full stack developers in demand?

The demand for full stack developers is certainly high. However, the developer needs to become skillful in all the aspects of full stack skills.

Can you become a data scientist from a full stack web developer?

Certainly, it is possible. Rather than switching from being a full stack web developer, you can learn Machine Learning and AI and continue as a full stack developer as well.

There is a scarcity in finding full stack developers in the market as the demand for IT experts has grown from 23 million in 2018, and it is forecasted to reach 29 million by 2024.

demand for IT experts has grown

Source: Statista

You should know that only having an in-depth understanding and analytical mind will help you to survive in the long run.

Is a full stack developer different from a software engineer?

Certainly, the work of a full stack developer revolves around creating a fast prototype design for a specific product. Whereas, software engineers are responsible for building a specific part of an application. Full stack engineers focus on developing particular parts in the entire development process. They ensure that it is error-free and works seamlessly with other components.

Conclusion

In this guide, you have learned each aspect of becoming a full stack developer. Becoming a full stack developer is not easy, but it may turn out to be a rewarding career option for you. It is essential for you to understand the role and responsibilities of full stack developers as well.

Are you ready to kickstart your app project with full stack developers? Get a free consultation and share your project idea with our experienced team of developers. Our team has developed over 3500 apps for various businesses and will help you to build yours too.

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  • Glovo – A spanish on-demand delivery app with our 30 million installations
  • Picture Translator App – AI camera app that translates text, images, and objects

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Author Bio
Jigar Mistry
Jigar Mistry
Designation: Vice President (Technologies)

Jigar Mistry is Vice President (Technologies) at Space-O Technologies. He has 14+ years of experience in the web and mobile app development industry. He has expertise in different mobile app categories like health and fitness, eCommerce, and on-demand.