10 Best Web Development Frameworks in 2021

“Modern issues require modern solutions.”

You might have heard of this phrase.

As web development technology is evolving, so are the challenges for the developers, such as:

  • Inaccuracy in UI/UX design
  • Difficult to build a quality website/web app
  • Developing successful website/web app based on latest market trends

Hence, the web development framework came into existence to keep up with the rising technologies and solve major web development issues. However, it is not easy to choose the right framework as each framework comes with a different set of features.

Based on the survey performed by Statista in 2021, React framework is used by 40.14 % of developers. But there are other frameworks as well that you need to know.

Even at Space-O, our web developers use various web development frameworks to smoothen the development process. To help you organize your web development process, we have also contacted our web developers team and asked them to suggest the best front-end and back-end web development frameworks.

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But before listing all the frameworks, it is essential for you to understand what web frameworks mean.

Introduction to Frameworks

A web development framework is a platform for building software applications. A framework is the core foundation of programming. Frameworks include predefined functions and classes that are used to manage hardware devices and streamline the web application development process.

But which frontend frameworks are the best for web developers? The below image represents the best web development frameworks.

best web development frameworks statistics

Image Source: Statista

Here are the 10 best web development frameworks to help you efficiently code your project.

Best Frontend Web Development Frameworks

To create a prototype and develop a solid responsive design, frontend web frameworks are crucial for you to use. Let us discuss the 5 best frontend web development frameworks.

LogoFrameworkFeaturesFamous Apps DevelopedTutorial
reactReact
  • Supports JavaScriptXML (it is a markup syntax to create React components, similar to HTML)
  • Component-based
  • Offers server-side rendering with brilliant SEO support
  • Facebook
  • Instagram
  • Skype
Beginners Guide to React
angularAngular
  • In-built MVC framework
  • User interface with HTML
  • Uses POJO model (plain old Java object)
  • Gmail
  • Forbes
  • Upwork
Beginners Guide to Angular
vuejsVuejs
  • Utilizes virtual DOM
  • Data binding
  • Simpler in terms of API and design
  • 9gag
  • Behance
Learn Vuejs
jqueryjQuery
  • Effects and animation
  • Extensibility
  • DOM modification and traversal
  • Twitter
  • Microsoft
  • Pandora
Learn jQuery
emberEmberjs
  • Built-in routing
  • Develop pipeline
  • Data layer
  • Apple Music
  • Groupon
  • Square
Learn Emberjs
  1. React

  2. React is an open-source and free JavaScript library for developing user interface (UI) components. It is one of the most popular web development frameworks maintained by a community of developers, enterprises, and Facebook.

    React is the most popular and innovative framework of all. In 2013, Facebook built React as a JavaScript library to implement the web’s view layer in a component-based way.

    Advantages and Disadvantages of React

    ProsCons
    • Comprises of the extensive toolset like React Developer Tools (Available in Chrome DevTools)
    • For steady code, React allows single-direction code flow
    • Easier to write with JSX (JavaScript XML) to make the react code easier
    • Vieworientedness is one of the disadvantages of React, Model, and Controller should be found to solve the ‘View’ problem
    • No clear documentation get the updated information

    Why Choose React?

    • One of the best reasons to use React is, it will let you build rich user interfaces easily using declarative components.
    • React is extremely easy to learn, not because there are easy tutorials available on the internet, but it has a simple library without including complex tools.
  3. Angular

  4. Developed by Google, Angular is the most popular web development framework and allows the development of dynamic web applications.

    Angular is consistently getting popular by removing unnecessary code and ensuring faster web app development. According to Statista, as of 2021, 11.49% of developers are using Angular frameworks to develop web applications.

    Advantages and Disadvantages of Angular

    ProsCons
    • Best to develop MVPs and prototypes and helps you to use features like scopes and data bindings
    • Easily understandable architecture to allow even a newbie developer to locate and develop the code without any issue
    • Angular supports Typescript for building large scale apps
    • Automatic sync the data between view and model
    • Angular is complex and verbose, while in development you may need 4 files for a single component
    • Lack of CLI documentation, as a developer you will not find enough information in documentation on Github

    Why Choose Angular?

    • Angular allows you to code with declarative UI, meaning you can use less complex language like HTML and develop highly interactive apps without investing in prioritizing web app loading and program flows.
    • Angular uses MVVM architecture to develop highly interactive and robust web apps. MVVM is a modern structure of the MVC pattern.
    • Has a huge community of developers, so it becomes easy to find all the answers to your programming related queries
  5. Vuejs

  6. Vuejs is a model-view-view-model open-source front-end JavaScript framework for developing single-page applications and user interfaces.

    It is a progressive framework. This means, in an existing project, you can use the Vuejs framework without disturbing any other parts and their performances.

    Advantages and Disadvantages of Vuejs

    ProsCons
    • All the Vuejs components are easily written using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.
    • Vuejs allows two-way data binding to connect model data updates and view (UI), it will help to track the data updates and components accordingly.
    • Support Typescript for building large scale apps
    • Viewjs includes a powerful set of browser debugging tools, state manager, and server render.
    • There are limited numbers of tools to work in Vuejs, if we compare the tools to React and Angular, the difference is in the hundreds.
    • Vuejs has a small community, due to the fact that this framework lacks scalability and is not suitable to develop large-scale projects.

    Why Choose Vuejs?

    • The small size of Vuejs application with 18 to 21kb size and offers faster speed to build from small to large applications conveniently.
    • Because Vuejs is JavaScript-based, the app will easily integrate with JavaScript and help developers to build a web app from scratch and add elements of the framework in the already created applications.
    • Vuejs offers robust performance and focuses on working with VirtualDOM. Since Vuejs successfully manages a high frame rate, it provides greater performance compared to React.
  7. jQuery

  8. The motto of jQuery is to write less and do more. jQuery helps you to use JavaScript efficiently. jQuery bundles many lines of code and wraps them into a method, known as a single line of code.

    jQuery helps to simplify complicated things from AJAX calls, DOM manipulation, and JavaScript.

    Advantages and Disadvantages of jQuery

    ProsCons
    • jQuery is extremely easy to understand
    • jQuery is flexible and allows you to add plugins as well
    • The open-source software community is in support of jQuery since it offers great tech support
    • Using jQuery, it is easier to add Ajax functionality to the app
    • jQuery is slower than CSS and not meant for client-side interactions
    • Since JQuery is a single DOM abstraction library, when the need of creating small styles or animations arises, using jQuery is not sufficient.

    Why Choose jQuery?

    • Most developers find jQuery easy to use because the jQuery libraries consist of shorter and simpler code
    • jQuery helps to simplify and uniformly perform the interaction between HTML elements and JavaScript code.
    • To develop animated applications like Adobe FLASH as it helps you save time and develop the exact animated applications like FLASH
  9. Emberjs

  10. Emberjs is a well-tested JavaScript framework for developing modern web applications. Emberjs helps to develop a rich UI that will work seamlessly on mobile as well as desktop. You can write less code using templates that automatically get updated. It allows retrieval of models, along with rich relationships directly from the server.

    Advantages and Disadvantages of Emberjs

    ProsCons
    • Emberjs is a doc and API-friendly framework.
    • Emberjs data layer is stronger and properly integrated with Java.
    • Emberjs is launching a new theme, Ember Octane, which will help you to learn Ember in an easier way with incremental classes, native Javascript rendering.
    • Ember is facing stagnation for over several years which has failed to win new developers.
    • Ember’s object model implementation gets bloated at times by large size.

    Why Choose Emberjs?

    • The package ecosystem of Ember is developed well. Hence, you can be certain to find the solutions for your problems. The framework contains a dedicated website where the package is united by rating, categories, and individual documentation.
    • Ember supports data binding to create a connection between 2 properties, where one property changes value, another property will upgrade.

Best Backend Web Development Frameworks

So far we have discussed the frontend web development framework. But, you should also choose the best frameworks for backend web development to complete the entire project. We have listed down the 5 best backend web development frameworks for you.

LogoFrameworkFeaturesFamous Web Apps DevelopedTutorial
.net framework.NET Framework
  • Dynamic language runtime
  • Base class expansion
  • Managed extensibility framework
  • Stackoverflow
  • GoDaddy
  • Linkedin
Learn .NET Framework
express jsExpress – Nodejs Framework
  • Quick server-side development
  • Advanced routing mechanism to preserve web page
  • Templating engine to develop dynamic content
  • PayPal
  • Linkedin
Learn Express
djangoDjango
  • Offers excellent documentation for the developers to learn about different libraries
  • Scalable by allowing you to expand your website in a bigger environment
  • Instagram
  • YouTube
  • Spotify
Learn Django
laravelLaravel
  • Innovative template engine
  • Effective ORM
  • MVC architecture support
  • Laracasts
  • Alison
Learn Laravel
ruby on railsRuby on Rails
  • Automated testing
  • Localization
  • Scaffolding
  • AirBnB
  • Basecamp
  • GitHub
Learn Ruby on Rails
  1. .NET Framework

  2. .Net framework is one of the best backend web frameworks which is an open-source and free platform for developing web applications. It is easy to use for multiple languages, editors, and libraries to develop applications for web, mobile, desktop, games, and IoT.

    To write a .NET application, you can use the languages like Visual Basic, C#, .NET, and F#. The code will natively run on any OS (operating system). The .NET implementations help to manage the complex tasks of cross-platform support and allow the development of websites, services, and desktop apps.

    Advantages and Disadvantages of .NET Framework

    ProsCons
    • .NET Framework is based on object-oriented programming, which allows the developers to work on specific pieces of software at times and combine the entire software effectively.
    • Comes with a great caching system to store data effectively, which helps developers to improve and scale performance.
    • It comes with visual studio IDE (Integrated development environment) to debug and publish the application over many platforms & OS.
    • Comes with a memory leak, hence, it does not provide effective resource management.
    • Transitioning from an old .NET version app into a newer .NET version is difficult.

    Why Choose .NET Framework?

    • .NET framework offers rich UI controls and 3rd party UI controls such as Telerik.
    • Windows authentication is used to make the application safe. For the security of the data, .NET includes cryptography classes that contain data with encryption and decryption.
    • It includes an MVC model view controller that will provide structured code because of the SoC (Separation of Concerns) approach.
  3. Express – Node.js Framework

  4. Express is one of the most popular web frameworks with a fast, unopinionated, and minimalist web framework for Node.js. Express provides powerful features like fast server-side development and middleware to develop contemporary web applications. Express supports middleware and a great number of HTTP utility methods to develop powerful web APIs in a faster way.

    Advantages and Disadvantages of Express

    ProsCons
    • The advantage of using Express is, you can use JavaScript to code for front-end and back-end development, rather than using different languages.
    • With the help of Node.JS and other resources, you can easily scale your web application.
    • Express has an open-source community, so you can connect with other members and ask for their help.
    • Easy to integrate 3rd party middleware and services
    • There are several problems with callbacks. Since, you might face scalability issues, which are challenging to read, easy to break down.
    • If the codebase size increases, you might face challenges in refactoring (restructuring the existing code).

    Why Choose Express?

    • Express supports JavaScript and multi-template engines like Jade, EJS. By using only JavaScript for the front end and back end, you will save development time and cost.
    • To develop web applications in a shorter time as it provides simple routing requests created by clients.
    • Executions are carried out in a faster way with Node.js that avoids inefficiencies like blocking the code execution and dominating the memory.
  5. Django

  6. Django is a high-level web application framework to support rapid application development with clean design. Django follows MTV (model template views) architectural pattern. Django is exclusively managed by Django Software Foundation.

    Advantages and Disadvantages of Django

    ProsCons
    • Allows faster processing
    • Better content management and CDN
    • Allows rapid development
    • Strong security
    • It is monolithic, which results in decreased usability.
    • Django is not suitable for smaller projects.

    Why Choose Django?

    • Operates on DRY (don’t repeat yourself) possibility, allows working on a single interaction at a time without working on an entire code from scratch
    • Implements security features automatically, like cross-site scripting, clickjacking, and SQL injections
    • Allows to work across platforms like Windows, Linux, and Mac

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  7. Laravel

  8. Laravel is one of the best backend frameworks for website development. Also, Laravel supports MVC architecture and offers enhanced performance, better documentation, and built-in functionalities to develop powerful web pages.

    Advantages and Disadvantages Laravel

    ProsCons
    • Provides MVC (model view controller) structure
    • Easy to abstract and manage the routing process
    • Effective queue management to make the application cycle smoother by stacking complex tasks efficiently.
    • Perfect to develop small and medium-sized web apps
    • Less inbuilt support compared to Django and Ruby on Rails
    • Composer is not strong compared to Node.js

    Why Choose Laravel?

    • Provides better authorization and authentication options
    • Has MVC-based architecture that makes development three times faster compared to another framework that doesn’t work with MVC. Also, it allows easy integration to JavaScript framework
    • Offers easy and faster development of web applications
    • Provides multiple object-oriented libraries to develop complete web apps
  9. Ruby on Rails

  10. Ruby is a dynamic, interpreted, and general-purpose language for object-oriented programming. Even a person who does not know how to code can also easily understand Ruby. On the other hand, Rails is a web development framework built in Ruby language. It is created to program web applications in an easier way.

    Ruby is a dynamic, interpreted, and general-purpose language for object-oriented programming. Ruby on Rails is the best choice if you are planning to create online stores or social networking websites for your business. Even to develop nonstandard complex projects, RoR is the best choice. Shopify, Airbnb, Fiverr use Ruby on Rails to power up their websites continuously.

    Advantages and Disadvantages of Ruby on Rails

    ProsCons
    • Simple, clear, and follows a lean code base for accelerated web development
    • Allows speedy software development
    • Has a supportive developer community
    • Comes with a number of helpful libraries and tools
    • Evolves continuously
    • Structural issues in Ruby on Rails are hard to fix. Since all the components of ROR are connected and dependent upon each other.

    Why Choose Ruby on Rails?

    • For Rapid Application Development (RAD) as it is easy to adapt to changes.
    • The Ruby code is self-documenting and easily readable.
    • Rails libraries are open source, so you don’t have to pay any licensing cost like other commercially developed frameworks.

    Want to Create Your Project Using Ruby on Rails?

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    Above we have discussed backend frameworks that will help you to develop necessary functionalities in your web application. In the next section, we will talk about the most important questions asked about web development frameworks.

    FAQ About Web Development Frameworks

    Which front-end frameworks should I learn?

    After discussing with our web developers, we found that React is the best option for beginners. React is easy to learn which results in quicker development. React is lightweight and open source and a great alternative to Angular. React is also a better cross-platform framework for mobile app development compared to Angular.

    When to use JavaScript framework?

    The main reason to use the JavaScript framework is to keep the UI in sync with the state. However, with the JavaScript framework, it has become easier than ever before.

    Previously, whenever the developer used to change the specific designs in the UI, they needed to update the state. Generally, if you make any change in the design, there is a need to update the state as well. This process used to become cumbersome and lengthy at times. Maintaining the UI with data includes writing a great amount of tedious and fragile code.

    Conclusion

    In this guide, you have learned about the top front-end and back-end web development frameworks. You have also read the advantages and disadvantages of each framework. This data will help you to understand which framework fits best for your project.

    The main part?

    You have a clear idea now about when to select which framework. Re-read the “Why to choose?” section under each framework to get a better idea.

    Our experienced developers have experienced in custom web application development and have built numerous web applications, some of which are listed below.

    One8 – Enterprise Fleet Management Software Development
    MedCallWorkComp – Doctor On-Demand Apps Solution

    If you have a project idea and are not sure how to make it a reality, what is the exact roadmap, then get your free consultation from our web experts. Fill the contact form. Let’s get in touch.

Author Bio
Jigar Mistry
Jigar Mistry
Designation: Vice President (Technologies)

Jigar Mistry is Vice President (Technologies) at Space-O Technologies. He has 14+ years of experience in the web and mobile app development industry. He has expertise in different mobile app categories like health and fitness, eCommerce, and on-demand.