Android and iOS Developer: Read This Before Creating a Mobile App

Android-and-iOS-developer

Should you develop an app for the iOS platform or Android or for both? We know that this is one of the first questions you think about before developing an app. A lot of our clients have the same doubt when they come to us with their project idea- “Should I hire an Android and iOS developer for my project?”. We discuss their requirement and business goals, market share of iOS and Android OS and come up with a proper plan for their needs.

Having developed over 3500 apps for both Android and iOS platforms, we have garnered knowledge and information about Android and iOS development. In this blog, we’ll discuss all the important aspects that you need to consider before you make your decision about selecting the right OS.

Introduction

Who hasn’t heard about the rivalry between Android and iOS? Owned by technological goliaths Google and Apple, the debate of Android vs iOS has been there since the concept of these operating systems was born.

iOS and Android app development have almost nothing in common, it’s almost like they’re from different worlds. If we start talking about their differences, it would take a little longer than you’d like. So, we did the next best thing. We have noted down all the major differences that you need to know before you build your own app.

Jigar Mistry

Do you have a great app idea but don’t know what to do next? I have 10+ years of experience in the app development industry.

Let’s begin with the most important one- differences in development processes.

Android vs iOS Development: Major Difference

Android-vs-iOS

Programming Language

The first and foremost difference that comes into play during development is the language used to code in Android and iOS development. Developing an app on Android relies heavily on Java or Kotlin. Java used to be the main language but has been recently replaced by Kotlin because of its better features. You can learn more about the differences between Kotlin and Java if you need to.

When it comes to iOS app development, developers use Objective-C as the main programming or coding language. Recently iOS developers have started using Swift. Swift is becoming more and more popular because of the release of Swift 5 and its features.

Most developers find developing using Objective-C easier than Kotlin or Java. Even Swift requires a smaller learning curve than Java. However, Kotlin is developing at a tremendous pace making it the first choice of developers to develop apps. Kotlin is intuitive, modern, and easy to read.

Development Environment

After coding language, the next important difference for Android vs iOS development is in the Integrated Development Environment (IDE).

Android developers initially used to use Eclipse, a third party development utility created by IBM codebase because native tools were not available. This also made development fairly difficult. This changed in 2013 when Google released Android Studio. It is a proprietary tool that has an expanded range of features for Android app development.

There are various development and debugging features along with cross-platform support and high readability.

iOS developers have had access to the proprietary tool called XCode. The tool is easy to use and learn. This solution has a range of bug-fixing tools and also supports the entire range of iOS devices and screen sizes- from iPhones, iPads, and also macOS apps.

As opposed to Objective-C and Swift, XCode is not really favored by the developers. In fact, developers prefer Android Studio over XCode in terms of many factors. iOS/ Android Developers have talked about the issues of Xcode like instability, time-consuming refactoring, and inability to run a few simulators simultaneously.

Another issue is that there are gaps in the documentation. The information is spread across the web and you’ll have to search for many features and how to use them. On the other hand, Android Studio has extensive documentation. Apart from that, it also stable and time-effective. Don’t get the wrong idea about Xcode, the layout builders in Xcode are superior and enjoyable to use, and it also has a wider range of available features.

However, if we consider all the things, Android Studio wins when it comes to IDE.

Development Tools

Lastly, we’ll talk about development tools for Android vs iOS development. Both of these platforms have an extensive set of tools that are used by developers to create a mobile app.

Development on Android

Android developers use advanced Google development tools like:

  • Android Jetpack: It is a set of pre-build Android components. Basically, it is a suite of libraries to help developers follow best practices, reduce boilerplate code, and write code that works consistently across various Android versions and devices. This way, the developers can focus on the code they care about. You can read about how to implement the Android navigation component in your app using Android Jetpack.
  • Firebase: It is a comprehensive mobile app development platform by Google. This platform helps the Android app developers to grow, build and improve their apps. One of the recent features that you can add is Firebase dynamic links which can help in various mobile app marketing campaigns and payment requirements.
  • Android SDK: SDK stands for Software Development Kit. Android SDK is a development kit that is connected with Android Studio.

Development on iOS

  • iOS SDK is integrated with the Cocoa Touch UI framework. This provides graphical elements, user interface controls, and others.
  • Swift Playgrounds is another development environment for Swift.
  • TestFlight: This is an online service for over-the-air installation and testing. This online service allows developers to test their apps and gather valuable feedback before the app release. They can then make the required changes and release the best version of the app.

Android vs iOS Design: Major Difference

System-specific design differences

Development and design are closely related to each other. Different development process leads to various system-specific designs. The same app is different visually in Android and iOS version.

The interaction and style of both these OS’s are unique and are heavily influenced by the culture of the two big companies that created them. You are advised to hire app designers who understand both the OS and understand what kind of UI and UX do the users expect from a certain app.

The major difference in design when it comes to Android and iOS is in the navigation and architecture organization.

The coder or developer break the app down to fragment and activities and develop using the partition method. An activity means one app screen fragments. If the project has multiple screens, the developer will have to manage dozens of activities. The fragments or parts of a user interface are often used to navigate between activities like entering a value, opening a new app screen.

When it comes to iOS application architecture, it relies on view controllers. There are types of controllers used for iOS app development like page view, tab, split view controllers, and so on. The view controller controls an entire screen or one of its parts.

The developer manages the controllers in several ways. The developer writes them in code or organizes images in something called a storyboard. This is saved as an XML file. This helps in increasing the development pace but also decreases the risk of errors.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Developing Android apps

Advantages of developing Android apps

  • Open system. The Android developers have access to more features as compared to iOS developers, the features in iOS apps are restricted.
  • Design. Designing is easier and more intuitive when it comes to Android vs iOS development. The designers and developers use extensive Google design guidelines to create a more engaging user interface.
  • Fragmentation. Fragmentation is time-consuming but there are benefits of it as well. It helps the developers to develop apps for a broader range of devices, including smart wearables like watches, bands, TVs, in-car systems, and more.
  • Launch. In comparison to iOS vs Android development, Android apps are easier to publish to Google Play.  The guidelines are simple and the entire process may take just a few hours.

Disadvantages of Android app development

  • Fragmentation. As discussed above, fragmentation can also be an Android drawback. Nowadays, Android devices are available in different screen sizes, resolutions, etc. The development team might require more time to manage the app’s features for specific devices.
  • Testing. Android doesn’t have a specific type of device and version. This is the reason, it might take more time for QA specialists to test Android apps. Some estimates put development time at 30–40% longer for Android.
  • Costly. As the cost depends on the time to develop apps, the more time the development and testing process takes, the higher will be the Android app price. Other factors include features and complexity.
ProsCons
  • Open system
  • Design Guidelines
  • Fragmentation
  • Easy Launch
  • Fragmentation
  • Testing
  • Costly

Advantages and Disadvantages of Developing iOS Apps

Advantages of Developing iOS Apps

  • Profits. IOS users are loyal and they spend more money on apps as compared to Android users. There is also a sense of trust and love for the brand, the phone, and the apps on the App Store. When you compare iOS and Android users, iOS users come from western, more developed, and rich countries where the per capita income of people is more.
  • Fragmentation. Most Apple devices use the same version of the iOS, and all of them are made for the iPhone and the iPad. The developers and testers don’t have to think about different devices, resolutions, and screen sizes.
  • Simulator. When it comes to debugging, the iOS simulator is better than the Android emulator. In fact, many industry leaders also agree on this.
  • Standardized UI Design. The UI design guidelines are highly detailed and extensive. The developers don’t have to think about designing things too much. They can invest more time and effort into the development of the iOS product itself.

Disadvantages of Developing iOS Apps

  • Expensive. The Integrated Development Environment Xcode can only be used on Macs. MacBooks are more expensive than regular laptops and so this significantly increases initial investment. However, if you hire a custom app development company, this cost is not born by you.
  • Stringent publishing.  Apple rejects over 40% of Apps applied for publishing in the App Store. This is why developers must pass testing that has high standards. Apple and iOS are quite restrictive when an iOS app doesn’t meet the criteria of its platform. This is why publishing your app in the App Store can be difficult
  • Customization. The guidelines are quite strict which reduces the scope of creativity in App Store apps. All the apps might seem the same in terms of design creativity. Customization has become very difficult which is not very inviting for the developers
ProsCons
  • Profits
  • Fragmentation
  • Better Simulator
  • Standard Design
  • Expensive
  • Stringent Publishing
  • Lacks Customization

How Much Does it Cost to Hire Android and iOS Developers?

The cost to hire a developer is different for every agency or freelance developer. Developers usually charge a fee on and per hour basis for their services. You may find a developer for as little as $20 per hour and even more than $250 per hour.

In terms of cost in iOS developer vs Android developer, iOS developers charge higher than Android platform developers. However, being a leading app development agency in India we have the skills of international caliber and we charge around $35 per hour of our services, whether iOS or Android. This includes project management, designing, testing, and publishing the app as well.

We have a list of countries and their average cost to hire an app developer (hourly rate).

  • U.S.A: $50-200
  • UK: $30-70
  • Australia: $40-110
  • India: $30-70
  • Indonesia: $10-20

Which One is Best for Your Requirement?

In Android vs iOS development, the main question arises about which platform should you go for. This totally depends on your needs and target audience. If you are developing an app and you want to focus on a wide range then you should develop both versions and develop iOS and Android apps. While if you have a specific audience that uses the iPhone devices then you should develop an iOS app. You can also first develop an iOS app and then expand to the Android platform.

Here, the point is that you need to understand the market share and demographics.

The Android OS holds dominance when it comes to market share. You can see in the graph below that Android holds 87% of the market share in the operating system market. This is also an upward trend and it is going to increase at lease until 2023.

Android vs iOS market share

However, Android apps are more popular in developing nations and upcoming markets like Asia, Africa, and Latin America. iOS apps best for the rich, younger target groups in Western Europe, Australia, and North America. When you think of Android vs iOS Development, apart from market share you need to see the spending power of the audience.

Android users do not spend money in the Play Store, but you can have access to more people and can earn form mobile ads and other app monetization strategies. On the other hand, if you concentrate more on the iOS platform then you can expect more app purchases and more in-app purchases.

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Let’s see some frequently asked questions and their answers

FAQs

How much does it cost to put an app on the app store?

We will talk about the AppStore as well as Google Play Store. The charge of getting a developer account approved to launch an iOS app is $99 per year. Further, the AppStore transaction fee is 15 percent for every purchase or apps price.

Google Play Store charges a one-time lifetime registration fee of $25 to register as a developer on it. Google Play Store charges 30% for every purchase. this charge decreases to 15% for subscription apps after a year.

Which is better iOS or Android?

Android apps have more flexibility, functionality, and freedom of choice vs iOS apps. iOS apps are less time consuming to create and have a loyal fan-base attached to it. In the end, it is you who decides if you want just one or both iOS and Android development.

Conclusion

The debate of Android vs iOS development is ongoing and will probably never end. Each platform has a unique set of pros and cons attached to them. You can check out the features of the latest version of iOS 13 and Android 10 and learn more about it.

If you have any questions or doubts regarding the app development process, cost, timeline, or anything related to mobile apps, feel free to contact us. We have developed many successful apps that run on Android and well as iOS platforms like Photo Translator and PayNowlink. If you want to hire Android app developers to create an Android app or iOS programmers to create an iPhone app, we can assist you.

This page was last edited on October 23rd, 2020, at 13:35.

Author Bio

Jigar Mistry

Jigar Mistry

Designation: Vice President (Technologies)

Jigar Mistry is Vice President (Technologies) at Space-O Technologies. He has 14+ years of experience in the web and mobile app development industry. He has expertise in different mobile app categories like health and fitness, eCommerce, and on-demand.

 
 

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